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13 Aug 2018

GSoC Final Report


Nothing lasts forever, and this also applies for GSoC projects. In this report, I tried to summarize my experience in the DRI community and my contributions.

Recap the project idea

First, it is important to remember the main subject of my GSoC Project:

The Kernel Mode-Setting (KMS) is a mechanism that enables a process to command the kernel to set a mode (screen resolution, color depth, and rate) which is in a range of values supported by graphics cards and the display screen. Creating a Virtual KMS (VKMS) has benefits. First, it could be used for testing; second, it can be valuable for running X or Wayland on a headless machine enabling the use of GPU. This module is similar to VGEM, and in some ways to VIRTIO. At the moment that VKMS gets mature enough, it will be used to run i-g-t test cases and to automate userspace testing.

I heard about VKMS in the DRM TODO list and decided to apply for GSoC with this project. A very talented developer from Saudi Arabia named Haneen Mohammed had the same idea but applied to the Outreachy program. We worked together with the desire to push as hard as we can the Virtual KMS.

Overcome the steep learning curve

In my opinion, the main reason for the steep learning curve came from the lack of background experience in how the graphics stack works. For example, when I took operating system classes, I studied many things related to schedulers, memory and disk management, and so forth; on the other hand, I had a 10000-foot view of graphics systems. After long hours of studying and coding, I started to understand better how things work. It is incredible all the progress and advances that the DRI developers brought on the last few years! I wish that the new versions of the Operating system books have a whole chapter for this subject.

I still have problems to understand all the mechanisms available in the DRM; however, now I feel confident on how to read the code/documentation and get into the details of the DRM subsystem. I have plans to compile all the knowledge acquired during the project in a series of blog posts.

Contributions

During my work in the GSoC, I send my patches to the DRI mailing list and constantly got feedback to improve my work; as a result, I rework most of my patches. The natural and reliable way to track the contribution is by using “git log –author=”Rodrigo Siqueira” in one of the repositories below:

In summary, follows the main patches that I got accepted:

We received two contributions from external people; I reviewed both patches:

I am using IGT to test VKMS, for this reason, I decided to send some contributions to them. I sent a series of patches for fixing GCC warning:

I also sent a patchset with the goal of adding support for forcing a specific module to be used by IGT tests:

As a miscellaneous contribution, I created a series of scripts to automate the workflow of Linux Kernel development. This small project was based on a series of scripts provided by my mentor, and I hope it can be useful for newcomers. Follows the project link:

  1. Kworkflow

Work in Progress

I am glad to say that I accomplished all the tasks initially proposed and I did much more. Now I am working to make VKMS work without vblank. This still a work in progress but I am confident that I can finish it soon. Finally, it is important to highlight that my GSoC participation will finish at the end of August because I traveled for two weeks to join the debconf2018.

Now this is not the end. It is not even the beginning of the end. But it is, perhaps, the end of the beginning - Winston Churchill

GSoC gave me one thing that I was pursuing for a long time: a subsystem in the Linux Kernel that I can be focused for years. I am delighted that I found a place to be focused, and I will keep working on VKMS until It is finished.

Finally, the Brazilian government opened a call for encouraging free software development, and I decided to apply the VKMS project. Last week, I received the great news that I was selected in the first phase and now I am waiting for the final results. If everything ends well for me, I will receive funding to work for 5 months in the VKMS and DRM subsystem.

My huge thanks to…

I received support from many people in the dri-devel channel and mailing list. I want to thanks everybody for all the support and patience.

I want to thanks Daniel Vetter for all the feedback and assistance in the VKMS work. I also want to thanks Gustavo Padovan for all the support that he provided to me (which include some calls with great explanations about the DRM). Finally, I want to thanks Haneen for all the help and great work.

Reference

  1. Use new return type vm_fault_t
  2. Fix the error handling in vkms_init()
  3. Add support to force specific module load

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